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文都名师何凯文教你如何描述图表

编辑时间:2013-04-19  

 其实,无论英语一和英语二的大纲说到写作B节都涉及到了图表描述,只是由于英语二的大纲样题以及近两年的真题考的都是图表,所以考生们自动地就将英语二和图表绑定在了一起。

    我的看法是,英语一和英语二的考生都该关注一下图表写作,尤其图表描述。

    无论是表格,柱状图,饼状图还是曲线图,都是命题者试图通过一些数据来反映社会问题或社会趋势现象.考生们要善于对图表中的数据进行排列,组合或对照,从而抓住数据背后所欲揭示的主题(问题或现象)。

    图表的描述注意四点:

    1. 主旨信息。图表中的数据只要描写几个核心数据就行(有时考生要进行数据的合并概括).这样做是为了将图表数据的描述与其所要揭示的主题一致起来.

    2. 有序描述。图表中的数据要重新排列,组合,井然有序地描述出来.

    3. 过渡生动。描述的过程中,根据前后的数据关系,添加连接词(however,furthermore等),使得描述条理清晰,一目了然。

    4. 词句多样。由于图表的描述需要反复说同样的句式,以及反复提到“增加”或“减少”之类的意思,为了避免重复,考生需要刻意地变化句子和词汇,以免单调乏味。

    如:

    One problem affecting US presently is that its energy supply depends, to a larger extent, on the consumption of fossil fuels. As shown in the chart, 77.1% of total of electricity of U.S. is generated by burning coal, oil and gas, each accounting for 46.5%, 16.9% and 13.7% respectively. And regrettably, nuclear power supplies only 12.5% of the country’s energy needs and water power merely 10.5%.

    再如:

    The past few years have witnessed a growing surge of interest in buying lottery tickets, especially in large cities. It may even be said that people are going crazy about it. As can be seen from the chart, 70 percent of those polled in a large scale survey, held in Guangzhou, Shanghai and Beijing, claimed to have dreamed of winning a fortune of 5 million yuan. Roughly 80 percent of those polled in Guangzhou had had such a dream, while the number in Shanghai and Beijing accounted for 60 percent respectively.

    又如:

    Obviously the rate of car accidents in the city varies from month to month in 1999. As we can see from the graph, during the period from Jan. to Mar., the number of accidents grew sharply, reaching 32 in March. Then the rate began to decline, and there were only 26 accidents in June. However, there was a rapid increase during the summer months, the peak being 39 accidents in August. Fortunately, the rate was gradually falling in the last four months of the year. It is interesting to note that there happened to be as many accidents in Oct. as in Apr. Generally speaking, the trend involved a downward direction.

    最后如:

    In the past five years, there have been great changes in people’s daily expenses in X city. According to the figures given in the table, the amount of money spent on food decreased gradually, accounting for 35 percent in 1998. However, there was a rapid increase in clothing expenses, which made up 17% in 1998. In addition, the table shows an upward tendency in recreation expenses. The same was the case with other expenses.

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